Rose in Christianity


rose window at notre dame

In the early days of Christianity, the rose fell out of favor because of its connections with pagan rituals and Roman orgies, but it later became associated with the Virgin Mary (who is often referred to as “The Rose of Heaven” or “The Mystical Rose”), and many saints, including Angelus, Cassilda, Elizabeth of Portugal, Rosalie, Rose of Lima, Rose of Viterbo, Thérèse of Lisieux, and Victoria.

The rose was depicted as a martyr’s crown on statues and in early paintings, while Christian mystics associated the five petals of a red rose with the five wounds of Christ. Later, beautiful stained-glass rose windows to adorn the great cathedrals of Europe.